The Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) has unveiled a guide for architects and planners to help them design buildings that can counter terrorism more effectively.
The guide has been published by RIBA as part of an ongoing project with the UK's Home Office and the National Counter Terrorism Security Office, to protect public spaces and to raise awareness on the importance of design.
The guide is an essential brief for architects, planners and engineers in the built environment with real-life case studies of UK buildings.
Designers are urged to use protective measures and building materials to combat threat and to reduce teh vulnerability of the buildings.
Use of barriers, bollards, landscaping, surveillance, glazed façades to limit intrusion, and blast and ballistic-resistant glass are listed by the RIBA guide.