US-based Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture (AS+GG) has completed a master plan for Great City, a 1.3km² sustainable satellite city in Chengdu Tianfu district, China.
Construction of the city is scheduled to start this fall on a 3km² site outside Chengdu, China.
AS+GG said that the development is intended to respond to the problem of overburdened infrastructure in many of China’s major urban centres without contributing to the high energy consumption and carbon emissions associated with suburban sprawl.
Upon its completion in about eight years, Great City will accommodate 30,000 families totalling 80,000 people.
The city will also be linked to Chengdu and surrounding areas through mass transit to be accessed at a regional transit hub at the Great City centre.
Great City will use 48% less energy and 58% less water than a conventional development of similar population and produce 89% less landfill waste and 60% less carbon dioxide.
Farmland conservation also forms part of the design, with plans underway to use about 60% of the 800-acre site area for agriculture and open space.
The city is expected to be integrated with natural topography including valleys and bodies of water from a 480-acre buffer landscape surrounding the proposed 320-acre urbanised area.
Within the Great City, 15% of land will be used for parks and landscaped space, while 60% will be allocated for construction and the remaining 25% will be for infrastructure works, roads and pedestrian streets.
Great City will feature commercial, residential and office spaces as well as a medical campus to offer health services to residents and a larger regional and perhaps national constituency.
Plans also include an extended recreation system to link the pedestrian network to trails that run through the green buffer and surrounding farmland.
The infrastructure and public-realm networks will feature electric shuttles, plazas, parks and links to the recreation system.
Great City will use seasonal energy storage to use waste summer heat to provide winter heating and a power generation plant to provide both electricity and hot water.
AS+GG has worked with engineering consultancy Mott MacDonald on plans for an eco-park situated on the northwest edge of the city.
Image: After its completion, Great City will accommodate 30,000 families totaling 80,000 people. Photo: Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture.