Queen Alia International Airport in Jordan has opened a new $750m terminal, designed by the UK-based architect Foster + Partners.
The design of the new terminal is inspired by local traditions while adoption of a modular structure will allow for future expansion.
Keeping in mind the high temperature difference in day and night in the region during summer season, the building has been constructed largely from concrete using materials with high thermal mass to offer passive environmental control.
The tessellated roof canopy features a series of shallow concrete domes, which extend to shade the facades with each dome includes a modular unit for construction.
Foster + Partners said the domes branch out from the supporting columns ‘like the leaves of a desert palm’ and daylight enters the concourse through split beams at column junctions.
The architectural firm has applied a geometric pattern based on traditional Islamic forms to each exposed soffit.
The building features two piers of departure gates, main processing areas and shops, lounges and restaurants, courtyards, seven new contact stands, a landscaped plaza as well as a temporary remote boarding lounge with six gates.
Foster + Partners said the domed roof will reflect the flowing fabric of a Bedouin tent.
Sustainable features of the building include an air handling system and reflecting pools, which will allow natural light into the airport.
Foster + Partners chief executive Mouzhan Majidi said that the project has transformed the Amman region into a new hub offering growth for the economy through regional links.
"The new terminal building is energy efficient, will accommodate phased expansion and provides a dynamic symbol for Jordan," Majidi said.
The new terminal is expected to increase capacity at the airport to 12 million passengers by 2030.
Image: The new terminal at Queen Alia International Airport is expected to increase passenger handling capacity to 12 million per year. Photo: courtesy of Foster + Partners.